Nicolas Yuriar Mancillas

Nicolas Yuriar Mancillas (Domingo) (Clemente)

Born: Aug 1869 in San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Died: ?? Unknown

World War 1 draft card for Nicolas Yuriar that says he was working for the Southern Pacific Railroad, in Maricopa, Arizona, in Sept 1918, and says he had no physical impairments.  Lists his birthday as Sept 10, 1898, and his mother as Feliciano Mancillas in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mex.

 

Then I found a few border crossing documents for several years, one in 1920, 1924, and finally in 1944.  He’s listed as being about 5’3 ½” tall, with black hair and dark eyes.

 

In 1920, his border crossing paper says he was planning to come here for about 2 months for work. He was a mechanic, headed for Tuscon, AZ.  It says he had previously been to the US from Sept 1918 – Feb 1919. Those dates line up with the WW1 draft card, dated Sept 1918. He had $44 in his pocket, and no friends or relatives to join with.  Virginia Soto came with him in 1920, with here papers saying she was coming to visit.   She’s listed as 22 years old, 5’ 2”, dark hair, dark eyes, dark complexion.  It looks like it says she has a mole on her left lip, but the writing is hard to decipher.  It does say that this is her first time in America though.

 

His July 1924 border crossing paper mentions that he was now missing the nail from his right middle finger.  His occupation is now a Chauffer, and he’s going to meet up with his friend Juan Ruiz.  He was looking to remain here permanently, and hoping to find work.  Virigina did not accompany him.  She came across in 1925 to visit him, and again in 1926.  Both times, she is accompanied by her daughter, Maria Altagracia Rosario Yuriar.  The 1926 document gives Nicolas’s address as 9?6 E. 12th Street, Los Angeles, California.

 

They are listed on the 1930 Census as living in Los Angeles, and now Nicolas works for a restaurant.

 

At some point, Nicholas must have gone back to Mexico for whatever reason, because he is crossing the border back into the USA in 1944, on Dec 7.  It’s hard to read because the scan of the card is so bad, but it looks like he was coming to stay with a Brother-in-Law.  I haven’t found any record of Virigina’s whereabouts at this time, but given that they were not in the 1940 census, it’s possible the family went back to Mexico? I’m not sure.

Domingo Benjamín Yuriar Viera

General Domingo Benjamín Yuriar Viera (Clemente)

DomingoBenjamin-lg

Born: Aug 1869 in San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Christened: 2 Sept 1869 in San Ingnacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Died: Oct 1913 in Torreon, Mexico.

Most often known as Benjamín, Domingo was christened on September 2, 1869, as the legitimate son of Clemente Yuriar and Trinidad Viera. His mother’s name was misspelled in the church records as “Biera”.

DomingoBirthRecord01

Domingo Yuriar’s Birth Record

In 1893, there is a Domingo Yuriar listed as a father in Santa Iglesia Catedral, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico.  Jose Carlos Yuriar was christened on January 8, 1893, as the legitimate son of Domingo and Refugio Hernandez. I’m not 100% sure that this is the same Domingo Yuriar, but he is the right age.

1983-01-08-JuanCarlosYuriar-birthrecord-2

Juan Carlos Yuriar’s Birth Record

 

Relatives have informed me that Benjamín had an illegitimate son in 1898.  Nicolas Yuriar Mancillas was born September 10, 1898, to Felicitas Mancillas in San Ignacio de Loyola, Sinaloa, Mx.

D.Benjamín Yuriar was one of Pancho Villa’s generals in the División del Norte in 1913.  He was one of the founding members of the Division, and is most known for being the man Pancho Villa shot for insubordination.  In order to understand the situation Benjamín found himself in that fateful October day in 1913, we need to look at Pancho Villa, and the months leading up to that moment when Villa sentenced him to death.

Villa had started life as an outlaw, but he joined Madero’s revolution against Diaz, serving under Orozco.  When Orozco turned on Madero and joined forces with Huerta to overthrow him, Villa Joined forces with Carranza, and remained loyal to Madero and his ideals.

Huerta’s assassination of Madero angered Villa.  He began to pull together his old military friends and several of the local gangs. Shortly before the first attack on Torreon, Villa and his second in command Juan Medina, held a meeting of all the gang leaders, including Domingo Benjamín Yuriar.  It was decided that the best way to be coordinated during the attack was to have one leader in charge of the battlefield.  Medina nominated Villa, and everyone agreed.  Thus, on September 29, 1913, Yuriar was one of the founding generals of the División del Norte.

Yuriar and his men helped in the first battle of Torreon. He was sent with Generals Benavides and Urbina to guard the plaza and secure the town.

The leaders recognized Villa’s leadership on the battlefield, but not off.  As a result, Carranza ordered Villa to get control of the men and stop the looting.  Meanwhile, Villa, who had previously been back-stabbed by a friend, learned of a threat on his life, so he was on edge.

During the preparations for the next big battle, Juan Medina, a formal Federale and Villa’s right-hand man, advised Villa to leave General Urbina behind.  They were headed to Chihuahua, and would be close to the American border.  Urbina had a reputation for being a wild card. and would often wander off and cause problems.  The last thing Villa needed was America getting mad and coming for him.  So Villa arranged for Urbina to be paid handsomely and given whatever he wanted as long as he stayed behind.  Villa took Yuriar and his men along with Benavides’ Zarragoza brigade as he headed for Chihuahua.

According to articles printed in the Alerta in 1983, Yuriar was over heard complaining to someone at the train station.  He did not like the idea that a former Federale, Medina, was second-in-command.

Other accounts claim General Yuriar was drunk at the time, or that he wanted more money.  One account claims the person Yuriar was complaining to was General Manuel Chao. Chao was known to be jealous of Villa’s position as leader of the division.  He’d tried to organize a division in the north before Villa rode into town, but his efforts failed. The theory follows that Villa chose Yuriar to be an example to the others.  Villa reasoned that he could afford to potentially lose Yuriar’s 10-20 followers if they all chose to go home, however he could not afford to lose Chao’s several hundred followers.

Regardless, the fact remains clear. Villa had General Yuriar shot for insubordination. In an interesting twist, it was Medina who told Villa that Yuriar should have had a trial first.  Villa responded by daring Medina to court martial him if Medina thought he had acted out of order, but that he would not stand for any insubordination.  General Chao remained loyal to Villa, and eventually the revolution was won.

Several decades later, in 1939, the President of Mexico decreed that all who fought in the Revolution against Huerta would be able to get the Cross of Revolutionary Merit.

Benjamin's medal

Found a video that discusses the revolution, and mentions Domingo as one of Villa’s Generals.

 

Possible Spouse:  Refugio Hernandez

Possible Child:

  • Jose Carlos Yuriar: 8 Jan 1893 – ??

Baby Mama:  Felicitas Mancillas

Child:

Research list:

La Batalla De Torreon by Roque Gonzalex Garza, P. Ramos, and J. Perez
Memoirs of Pancho Villa by Martin Luis Guzman
Life and Times of Pancho Villa by Fredrich Katz

Here are the articles from the 1983 series the Alerta printed on the Mexican Revolution.  My husband’s Abuelita only saved the articles that mentioned Benjamin Yuriar:

Maria Aurora Yuriar Manjerrez

Maria Aurora Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastacio, Clemente)

Born: August 13, 1922, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
Immigration: about 1959
Naturalized: 1987
Died: March 7, 1999, Brawley, California

Aurora's Birth Certificate

Aurora’s Birth Certificate

Maria Aurora was born on 13 Aug 1922 in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. In the early 1940’s, she had a son with ALEJANDRO PALACUELOS. A few years after the birth of her son, Aurora’s father was shot and killed on the debate stage.  Four years later, her mother died.  About ten years after the birth of her first son, she had another son with GUILLERMO JORDAN EMBREG.

In 1959, Aurora brought her sons to America.  Her older son, then in his late teens, got a job working in vineyards. Her younger son would go on to join the military during the Vietnam War.  She was given a Social Security number in 1964.

Nico & Aurora

Nico & Aurora

She hooked up with NICOLAS “NICO” GARCIA in 1975.  They lived together on a little farm in Westmorland, California, for years.  On 20 Jul 1987 in Yuma, Arizona, they made it official legally.  Her younger son and his wife served a witnesses at their court wedding.  A couple of months later, Aurora was naturalized, and became and United States citizen.

Maria Aurora was known as “Abuelita” to her grandchildren.  I only met her once when we went to visit in 1998.  She was well into her 70’s by then, and used a walker to get around.  She was still a sweetheart, and very petite. I’m 5’8″, and she barely reached my shoulders.

1998-03-AbuelitasroosterI remember I took a picture of a rooster. It had caught my attention because it was crowing.  I thought it looked beautiful.  However, being the pre-digital camera days, my photo didn’t come out nearly as beautiful as I had hoped.  But I took the picture of the rooster, and I remember Abuelita laughing and asking her grandson, my husband, what I was doing. I didn’t speak Spanish very well, and she didn’t speak English, so my husband was our translator. When he told her that I thought it looked pretty, she just shook her head at this silly girl from the city and her fascination with the rooster.  I remember her complaining to my husband that the rooster drove her crazy with his constant crowing. “Otra vez, otra vez,” she told him.

Abuelita

Abuelita

Years later, long after her death, I put together a digital scrapbook page of the event, complete with the photos of out trip out the farm and everything.  It was part of a challenge that asked us to scrap about the important women in our lives.  Even though I’d only met her that one time, she was important to me because of the influence she had in my husband’s life while he was growing up.  I submitted the page to a digital scrapbook magazine, and it got published! It appeared in Simple Scrapbook‘s Digital Scrapbooking 3 edition, pg 97.

She died March 7, 1999, in Westmorland, California. She was buried in Riverview Cemetery, Brawley, CA.

 

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Anastacio Yuriar Manjerrez

Anastacio Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastacio, Clemente)

Born: abt 1921, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
Died: abt 1956, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico

The marriage license for Anastacio’s parents, dated March 1919, only lists his sisters, Luisa, Elisa, and Rosa. However, he is shown as a baby on his mother’s knee, with four older sisters, in the family photo taken some years later. His younger sister Maria Aurora was born in August 1922. Between Carmen and Aurora, their brother Anastacio was born. Mathematically speaking, Anastacio was likely born in either late 1920, or early 1921.

From left to right: Rosa, Joaquina, Anastacio, Elisa, Carmen, Louisa, Anastacio

From left to right:
Rosa, Joaquina, Anastacio, Elisa, Carmen, Louisa, Anastacio

According to the information provided by his sister’s granddaughter on Family Search, Anastacio Yuriar Manjerrez died sometime about 1956, .

Maria Carmen Yuriar Manjerrez

Maria Carmen Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastacio, Clemente)

Born: abt 1920, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
Died: Unknown

The marriage license for Carmen’s parents, dated March 1919, does NOT list Carmen. It does list her sisters, Luisa, Elisa, and Rosa. However, she is shown as a toddler, much younger than Luisa, in the family photo taken some years later. She had to have been born after they were married.  Her younger sister Maria Aurora was born in August 1922. Between Carmen and Aurora, their brother Anastacio was born. Mathematically speaking, Carmen was likely born in either late 1919, or early 1920.

From left to right: Rosa, Joaquina, Anastacio, Elisa, Carmen, Louisa, Anastacio

From left to right:
Rosa, Joaquina, Anastacio, Elisa, Carmen, Louisa, Anastacio

Maria Rosa Yuriar Manjerrez

Maria Rosa Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastacio, Clemente)

Born: 4 Sept 1918, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
Died: 7 May 1996 in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico

Maria Rosa is listed on her parents’ marriage license as being 7 months old when they got married on March 30, 1919. She married RICARDO VELAZQUEZ PEREDA in 1939. She has at least one daughter.  She died on May 7, 1996.

Maria Rosa at work. I don't know which woman is Maria.

Maria Rosa at work. I don’t know which woman is Maria.

Spouse:  Ricardo Velazquez Pereda

Children:

  • Living Daughter

Maria Elisa Yuriar Manjerrez

Maria Elisa Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastacio, Clemente)

Born: abt 1915, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
Immigration: January 18, 1946
Died: ?? in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico

Maria Elisa is listed on her parents’ marriage license as being 3 years old when they got married on March 30, 1919. That puts her birthday sometime between April 1, 1915 and March 29, 1916.

She grew up in San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico. In the latter half of the 1930’s, Maria Elisa had a daughter.  Then, two years after her father died, Maria Elisa, at age 31, immigrated to the United States, through the port of Nogales, AZ. Unfortunately, the scans from Ancestry.com are in pretty bad shape (click to enlarge):

Elisa-immigrationrecord-pt1      Elisa-immigrationrecord-pt2

Here’s what I was able to read:

Elisa-immigrationrecord-pt3sm

It seems to say that she was traveling back and forth between Nogales, Mexico, and Nogales, Arizona, probably for work as a domestic.

Sometime later, Maria Elisa married ABEL AVILES GIL.  Together they had six children.  Elisa died in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.

 

Baby Daddy:  Unknown

Children:

  • Living Daughter

Spouse: Abel Aviles Gil

Children:

  • Living Child 1
  • Living Child 2
  • Living Child 3
  • Living Child 4
  • Living Child 5
  • Living Child 6

Maria Matilde Yuriar Cavanillas

Maria Matilde Yuriar Cavanillas (Anastacio, Clemente)

Born: May 1903, Nieves, Zacatecas, Mexico
Died: 1905

Maria Matilde was christened May 24, 1903 in Santa Maria, Nieves, Zacatecas, Mexico.

1903-05-24-MariaMatildeChristening

Born 3 years after her brother Ricardo, she was the second child of Anastacio Yuriar Vieras and Librada Cavanillas.  Sometime shortly after, her mother and father split up.  Librada Cavanillas began the long trek from Zacatecas to Nogales.  According to Ricardo’s son, somewhere along the journey, Matilde became very sick, and died.