Tomaz Yuriar

Tomaz Yuriar (Jose)
Born: Approximately 1794
Died: unknown

Tomaz was born sometime in the late 1700s, possibly sometime between 1785 and 1795. He married Eduviges Loaiza Guerrero, I believe, in January of 1820. I have been having trouble trying to translate the marriage record.

Together they had one son that we know of, Clemente Yuriar Loaiza, but they likely had other children. This far back, the research gets harder because of my langauge barrier, and incomplete records available online.

Spouse: Eduviges Loaiza Guerrero

Domingo Benjamín Yuriar Viera

General Domingo Benjamín Yuriar Viera (Clemente)

DomingoBenjamin-lg

Born: Aug 1869 in San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Baptized: 2 Sept 1869 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Married: 7 July 1897 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Died: Oct 1913 in Torreon, Mexico.

Known to the surviving family as Benjamín, Domingo was baptized on September 2, 1869, as the legitimate son of Clemente Yuriar and Trinidad Viera. His mother’s name was misspelled in the church records as “Biera”.

Benjamín’s first child was born November 4, 1892. The official record of birth does not list the child’s mother, but names him Carlos Yuriar. These older Mexican records often listed age, occupation, origin, etc. Benjamín is recorded to be a 21 year old single man from San Ignacio, currently practicing medicine and living at the Civil Hospital in Mazatlán. This record is even better, because the original record has survived, and Benjamín’s signature is on the bottom.

There is also a baptism record for this child at the Santa Iglesia Catedral, in Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico.  Jose Carlos Yuriar was baptized on January 8, 1893, as the legitimate son of Benjamín and Refugio Hernandez. The baptism record says he was born November 4, 1892, and lists his paternal grandparents as Clemente and Trinidad.

Relatives have informed me that Benjamín had another illegitimate son, and said he was born in 1898.  Nicolas Yuriar Mancillas listed September 10, 1898, on his WW1 draft card, but his ages on all the records I’ve found lines up better with a 1897 birthday. Nicolas was born to Felicitas Mancillas in San Ignacio de Loyola, Sinaloa, Mx.

A few months before Nicolas was born, Benjamín married Josefa Deras Bastidas. According to the marriage record, Benjamín was a 26 year old doctor, and Josefa was 18. Benjamín’s parents were both dead, as was Josefa’s father. The marriage was arranged, and agreed to by all parties, including her mother. Interesting tidbit – if my research is correct, Josefa and Benjamín are 3rd cousins via the Bastidas. Their common ancestor would be their great-great grandparents, Rafael Bastidas and Carmen Patron. Also, the judge who recorded the marriage, Jose Maria Bastidas, is likely a cousin as well.

Benjamín and Josefa had 6 children, but at least one of them died very young. Benjamín is listed as a doctor on the first several birth records, but on the 1905 record of the birth and death of his daughter Maria Trinidad Yuriar Deras, Benjamín’s occupation is changed to “industrial”, which could mean any number of things.

D.Benjamín Yuriar was one of Pancho Villa’s generals in the División del Norte in 1913.  He was one of the founding members of the Division, and is most known for being the man Pancho Villa shot for insubordination.  In order to understand the situation Benjamín found himself in that fateful October day in 1913, we need to look at Pancho Villa, and the months leading up to that moment when Villa sentenced him to death.

Villa had started life as an outlaw, but he joined Madero’s revolution against Diaz, serving under Orozco.  When Orozco turned on Madero and joined forces with Huerta to overthrow him, Villa Joined forces with Carranza, and remained loyal to Madero and his ideals.

Huerta’s assassination of Madero angered Villa.  He began to pull together his old military friends and several of the local gangs. Shortly before the first attack on Torreon, Villa and his second in command Juan Medina, held a meeting of all the gang leaders, including Domingo Benjamín Yuriar.  It was decided that the best way to be coordinated during the attack was to have one leader in charge of the battlefield.  Medina nominated Villa, and everyone agreed.  Thus, on September 29, 1913, Yuriar was one of the founding generals of the División del Norte.

Yuriar and his men helped in the first battle of Torreon. He was sent with Generals Benavides and Urbina to guard the plaza and secure the town.

The leaders recognized Villa’s leadership on the battlefield, but not off.  As a result, Carranza ordered Villa to get control of the men and stop the looting.  Meanwhile, Villa, who had previously been back-stabbed by a friend, learned of a threat on his life, so he was on edge.

During the preparations for the next big battle, Juan Medina, a formal Federale and Villa’s right-hand man, advised Villa to leave General Urbina behind.  They were headed to Chihuahua, and would be close to the American border.  Urbina had a reputation for being a wild card. and would often wander off and cause problems.  The last thing Villa needed was America getting mad and coming for him.  So Villa arranged for Urbina to be paid handsomely and given whatever he wanted as long as he stayed behind.  Villa took Yuriar and his men along with Benavides’ Zarragoza brigade as he headed for Chihuahua.

According to articles printed in the Alerta in 1983, Yuriar was over heard complaining to someone at the train station.  He did not like the idea that a former Federale, Medina, was second-in-command.

Other accounts claim General Yuriar was drunk at the time, or that he wanted more money.  One account claims the person Yuriar was complaining to was General Manuel Chao. Chao was known to be jealous of Villa’s position as leader of the division.  He’d tried to organize a division in the north before Villa rode into town, but his efforts failed. The theory follows that Villa chose Yuriar to be an example to the others.  Villa reasoned that he could afford to potentially lose Yuriar’s 10-20 followers if they all chose to go home, however he could not afford to lose Chao’s several hundred followers.

Regardless, the fact remains clear. Villa had General Yuriar shot for insubordination. In an interesting twist, it was Medina who told Villa that Yuriar should have had a trial first.  Villa responded by daring Medina to court martial him if Medina thought he had acted out of order, but that he would not stand for any insubordination.  General Chao remained loyal to Villa, and eventually the revolution was won.

Several decades later, in 1939, the President of Mexico decreed that all who fought in the Revolution against Huerta would be able to get the Cross of Revolutionary Merit.

Found a video that discusses the revolution, and mentions Domingo as one of Villa’s Generals.

Baby Mama:  Refugio Hernandez

Child:

  • Jose Carlos Yuriar: 4 November 1892 – ??

Baby Mama:  Felicitas Mancillas

Child:

Wife:  Josefa Deras Bastidas

Children:

  • Alberto Yuriar Deras: 8 April 1900 – ??
  • Josefa Emilia Yuriar Deras: 6 June 1902 – ??
  • Igancio B. Yuriar Deras: Abt 1903 – ??
  • Domingo Guberto Yuriar Deras: 12 March 1904 – ??
  • Maria Trinidad Yuriar Deras: 4 July 1905 – 4 July 1905
  • Maria Antonieta Yuriar Deras: 16 June 1907 – ??

Research list:

La Batalla De Torreon by Roque Gonzalex Garza, P. Ramos, and J. Perez
Memoirs of Pancho Villa by Martin Luis Guzman
Life and Times of Pancho Villa by Fredrich Katz

Here are the articles from the 1983 series the Alerta printed on the Mexican Revolution.  My husband’s Abuelita only saved the articles that mentioned Benjamin Yuriar:

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez married an actor, possibly named Ponce

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez and either Ernesto Beltran or Ramon Duarte Hernandez

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastasio, Clemente)
Born: 21 July 1913
Died: 4 March 1987

She is listed in her parents marriage certificate as being 6 years old when her parents married in 1919. That puts her birth year around 1913. A relative of her mother, Joaquina, added several details to the LDS genealogy website FamilySearch.org.

Luisa was born on July 21, 1913 in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. She married ERNESTO BELTRÁN in 1936. Together they had at least one child. Ernesto died two years later, in 1938.  Luisa remarried in 1942, to RAMON DUARTE in Culiacán. They had three children.  She died March 4, 1987 in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico.

Maria Lusia & Ramon Duarte

Maria Lusia & Ramon Duarte

Spouse:  Ernesto Beltrán

Children:

  • Yolanda Beltrán Yuriar: 14 Sep 1938 – 2012

Spouse: Ramon Duarte

Children:

  • Ernestina Margarita Duarte Yuriar: 1949 – 26 Aug 2006
  • Engelberto Duarte Yuriar: 1958 – 10 Mar 1984
  • Living Daughter Duarte Yuriar

Anastasio “Tacho” Yuriar Viera

Anastasio Yuriar

Anastasio Yuriar Viera (Clemente)
Born: Abt May 1873
Christened: 19 May 1873 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Died: Nov 8, 1944

The son of Clemente Yuriar & Trinidad Viera, he was a hat maker in Culiacán. His store was called “El Sombrero Rojo”. His nickname, Tacho, likely comes from his occupation. “Tacho” refers to a bin, perhaps like one that could be used in the felt-making process.  Fun fact: Mercury was used in the felt-making process to smooth the felt.

In early January 1910, Anastacio was introduced to Francisco Madero.  Senor Madero must have made quite an impression, because  Tacho helped to form the Culiacán branch of Madero’s political party, the Partido Nacional Antireelectionistas.  While his brother Benjamin was fighting with Villa to free Mexico from the grip of Porfirio Díaz, Anastasio choose to fight Porfirio Díaz in the political arena.

Anastcio-atwork

Anastasio at work

He had 2 children with Librada Canavallis – Ricardo, and Maria Matlide. Librada and Anastasio had a falling out.  She took the kids and left, eventually immigrating to the US. Maria Matilde died during the journey to America. Ricardo’s son Jon lives in CA.

Click to enlarge

Click to enlarge

Anastasio also had several children with Joaquina Manjerrez. He married her in March of 1919. According to their marriage license, they already had 3 daughters when they got married – Maria Lousia, Maria Elisa, & Maria Rosa. After they married, they had several more children – Anastasio, Maria Carmen, Maria Aurora, and Julio.

Family folklore has always said that he served as Mayor of Culiacán for a while.  However, according to the city’s website, he was never mayor. A pamphlet about the history of Culiacán states that in December 1917 he lost an election for a council seat due to election fraud. The state congress appointed a someone else to disputed seat, however it’s possible that he won election as a councilman later in life.  We do know that he was a delegate for something to do with farmers and agriculture in 1944 when he was shot & killed by someone named Lencho.  Lencho was caught and imprisoned for his crime.

“En una de tantas asambleas hizo acto de presencia don Lencho. Como buen manejador de armas dio muerte a balazos al joven delegado de la Agraria, que en vida llevó el nombre de Anastacio Yuriar (era culichi). Cuando el malechor llegó a la asamblea la mayoría de los asistentes escucharon voz de súplica: “¡No lo hagas, Lencho!”. Sobró quien dijera que fue doña Serafina. El malechor fue castigado; su condena fue prisión.”  (quote from an article at debate.com.mx that has since been memory-holed.)

1944-11-09-FuneralProgram

Baby Mama:  Librada Canavallis

Children:

Spouse: Joaquina Manjerrez

Children:

 

From left to right: Elisa, Joaquina holding Jose Julian, Carmen, Rosa (seated), Louisa, Anastacio

Jose Clemente Yuriar Viera

Jose Clemente Yuriar Viera (Clemente)
Born: 17 Sept 1874 in San Ingacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Christened: 10 November 1874 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Married: 25 November 1899
Died: 19 September 1911

Known as “Clemente” to the family, Jose Clemente was born and christened in 1874 to Clemente Yuriar and Maria Trinidad Viera Bastidas.

Clemente was a carpenter. There is one record of marriage to LUZ ESCOBAR dated 25 November 1899, however the first three children are all listed as a “natural” child, indicating their parents were not married, despite being born after the first record of marriage was filed.

There were three types of marriage in Mexico in the 1800’s; Common Law, Legal, or Church. Common law is pretty self explanatory. The couple would just move in together and act as if they were married, however they would be listed as single on all official documents, like birth records. Any kids born to a common law marriage, or any other kind of relationship outside of an official marriage, would be listed as “natural born” children. Official Marriages, either Legal or Church, at the time usually required 3 different records at least. First, the couple in question would go to the registrar and request to be married. They would be given copies of the act to post in several publications over the course of several days. Then they would go back to the registrar with proof they had publicized the act of the marriage. If no one had registered a complaint, the judge would then give his blessing for the wedding to happen. At that point, the couple would either head to the church, who kept their own record of the marriage, or go back to the judge, and have him marry them. Once in a while, they would do both. After that, the couple would be listed as married on all official documents, and any children born would be called “legitimate.”

Maria Trinidad Yuriar Escobar’s Birth Record
Luis Escobar’s Birth Record.

  In his son Luis’s birth record, Clemente is listed as a single man whose occupation is a Tinsmith.

But in Maria Trinidad’s birth record, she is named as a legitimate child of the married couple, Clemente and Luz. Her birth record also listed her grandparents on both sides of the family.

 

Jose’s birth record doesn’t mention his mother’s name. However the judge who recorded that record only listed on parent’s name on several of the records surrounding Jose’s birth. While it is possible that Jose’s mother is someone else, it seems most likely that his mother was Luz Escobar.

 Clemente died young, at 33, of pnuemonia. At the time of his death, he was a carpenter, living in Mazatlan.


Spouse: Luz Escobar

Children

  • LUIS5 YURIAR ESCOBAR was born in 1900.
  • JOSE5 YURIAR was born in 1902.
  • GILBERTO5 YURIAR ESCOBAR was born in late 1905. He died in 1926 of a remitting fever and diarrhea due to an unknown illness.
  • TRINIDAD5 YURIAR ESCOBAR was born in 1906.

Clemente Yuriar

Clemente Yuriar Loaiza (Tomaz)
Born: Abt 1827
Died: Before 1897

There are a total of three records of Clemente’s marriage to MARIA TRINIDAD VIERA BASTIDAS. Information gleaned from these records says that he was 40 years old, and worked as a, “ejercico labrador” – which seems to translate to apprentice farmer.  The couple appeared before a judge on January 13, 1867, and were ordered to publish the information about the upcoming marriage for 15 days.

On the 25th, they returned to the judge with witnesses, including one Brigido Manjarrez, to verify that they had fulfilled the legal requirements. Since no one had come forward to object, they were given the judge’s blessing to go forward with the marriage.

So, on 28 Jan 1867 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico, the priest performed the holy sacrament of marriage.

He was the father of at least 3 sons, as records of their baptisms were found at Family Search.org. The oldest, Domingo Benjamin, was born in 1869. Anastacio came along in 1873, followed by Clemente was born in 1874.

Because church records are not always the best, and a lot of deaths went unreported, we don’t know exactly when Clemente died, however he is listed as deceased on Domingo’s wedding record in 1897.

Spouse: Maria Trinidad Viera Bastidas