Tomaz Yuriar

Tomaz Yuriar (Jose)
Born: Approximately 1794
Died: unknown

Tomaz was born sometime in the late 1700s, possibly sometime between 1785 and 1795. He married Eduviges Loaiza Guerrero, I believe, in January of 1820. I have been having trouble trying to translate the marriage record.

Together they had one son that we know of, Clemente Yuriar Loaiza, but they likely had other children. This far back, the research gets harder because of my langauge barrier, and incomplete records available online.

Spouse: Eduviges Loaiza Guerrero

Domingo Benjamín Yuriar Viera

General Domingo Benjamín Yuriar Viera (Clemente)

DomingoBenjamin-lg

Born: Aug 1869 in San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Christened: 2 Sept 1869 in San Ingnacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Died: Oct 1913 in Torreon, Mexico.

Most often known as Benjamín, Domingo was christened on September 2, 1869, as the legitimate son of Clemente Yuriar and Trinidad Viera. His mother’s name was misspelled in the church records as “Biera”.

DomingoBirthRecord01

Domingo Yuriar’s Birth Record

In 1893, there is a Domingo Yuriar listed as a father in Santa Iglesia Catedral, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico.  Jose Carlos Yuriar was christened on January 8, 1893, as the legitimate son of Domingo and Refugio Hernandez. I’m not 100% sure that this is the same Domingo Yuriar, but he is the right age.

1983-01-08-JuanCarlosYuriar-birthrecord-2

Juan Carlos Yuriar’s Birth Record

 

Relatives have informed me that Benjamín had an illegitimate son in 1898.  Nicolas Yuriar Mancillas was born September 10, 1898, to Felicitas Mancillas in San Ignacio de Loyola, Sinaloa, Mx.

D.Benjamín Yuriar was one of Pancho Villa’s generals in the División del Norte in 1913.  He was one of the founding members of the Division, and is most known for being the man Pancho Villa shot for insubordination.  In order to understand the situation Benjamín found himself in that fateful October day in 1913, we need to look at Pancho Villa, and the months leading up to that moment when Villa sentenced him to death.

Villa had started life as an outlaw, but he joined Madero’s revolution against Diaz, serving under Orozco.  When Orozco turned on Madero and joined forces with Huerta to overthrow him, Villa Joined forces with Carranza, and remained loyal to Madero and his ideals.

Huerta’s assassination of Madero angered Villa.  He began to pull together his old military friends and several of the local gangs. Shortly before the first attack on Torreon, Villa and his second in command Juan Medina, held a meeting of all the gang leaders, including Domingo Benjamín Yuriar.  It was decided that the best way to be coordinated during the attack was to have one leader in charge of the battlefield.  Medina nominated Villa, and everyone agreed.  Thus, on September 29, 1913, Yuriar was one of the founding generals of the División del Norte.

Yuriar and his men helped in the first battle of Torreon. He was sent with Generals Benavides and Urbina to guard the plaza and secure the town.

The leaders recognized Villa’s leadership on the battlefield, but not off.  As a result, Carranza ordered Villa to get control of the men and stop the looting.  Meanwhile, Villa, who had previously been back-stabbed by a friend, learned of a threat on his life, so he was on edge.

During the preparations for the next big battle, Juan Medina, a formal Federale and Villa’s right-hand man, advised Villa to leave General Urbina behind.  They were headed to Chihuahua, and would be close to the American border.  Urbina had a reputation for being a wild card. and would often wander off and cause problems.  The last thing Villa needed was America getting mad and coming for him.  So Villa arranged for Urbina to be paid handsomely and given whatever he wanted as long as he stayed behind.  Villa took Yuriar and his men along with Benavides’ Zarragoza brigade as he headed for Chihuahua.

According to articles printed in the Alerta in 1983, Yuriar was over heard complaining to someone at the train station.  He did not like the idea that a former Federale, Medina, was second-in-command.

Other accounts claim General Yuriar was drunk at the time, or that he wanted more money.  One account claims the person Yuriar was complaining to was General Manuel Chao. Chao was known to be jealous of Villa’s position as leader of the division.  He’d tried to organize a division in the north before Villa rode into town, but his efforts failed. The theory follows that Villa chose Yuriar to be an example to the others.  Villa reasoned that he could afford to potentially lose Yuriar’s 10-20 followers if they all chose to go home, however he could not afford to lose Chao’s several hundred followers.

Regardless, the fact remains clear. Villa had General Yuriar shot for insubordination. In an interesting twist, it was Medina who told Villa that Yuriar should have had a trial first.  Villa responded by daring Medina to court martial him if Medina thought he had acted out of order, but that he would not stand for any insubordination.  General Chao remained loyal to Villa, and eventually the revolution was won.

Several decades later, in 1939, the President of Mexico decreed that all who fought in the Revolution against Huerta would be able to get the Cross of Revolutionary Merit.

Benjamin's medal

Found a video that discusses the revolution, and mentions Domingo as one of Villa’s Generals.

 

Possible Spouse:  Refugio Hernandez

Possible Child:

  • Jose Carlos Yuriar: 8 Jan 1893 – ??

Baby Mama:  Felicitas Mancillas

Child:

Research list:

La Batalla De Torreon by Roque Gonzalex Garza, P. Ramos, and J. Perez
Memoirs of Pancho Villa by Martin Luis Guzman
Life and Times of Pancho Villa by Fredrich Katz

Here are the articles from the 1983 series the Alerta printed on the Mexican Revolution.  My husband’s Abuelita only saved the articles that mentioned Benjamin Yuriar:

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez married an actor, possibly named Ponce

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez and either Ernesto Beltran or Ramon Duarte Hernandez

Maria Luisa Yuriar Manjerrez (Anastasio, Clemente)
Born: 21 July 1913
Died: 4 March 1987

She is listed in her parents marriage certificate as being 6 years old when her parents married in 1919. That puts her birth year around 1913. A relative of her mother, Joaquina, added several details to the LDS genealogy website FamilySearch.org.

Luisa was born on July 21, 1913 in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. She married ERNESTO BELTRÁN in 1936. Together they had at least one child. Ernesto died two years later, in 1938.  Luisa remarried in 1942, to RAMON DUARTE in Culiacán. They had three children.  She died March 4, 1987 in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico.

Maria Lusia & Ramon Duarte

Maria Lusia & Ramon Duarte

Spouse:  Ernesto Beltrán

Children:

  • Yolanda Beltrán Yuriar: 14 Sep 1938 – 2012

Spouse: Ramon Duarte

Children:

  • Ernestina Margarita Duarte Yuriar: 1949 – 26 Aug 2006
  • Engelberto Duarte Yuriar: 1958 – 10 Mar 1984
  • Living Daughter Duarte Yuriar

Anastasio “Tacho” Yuriar Viera

Anastasio Yuriar

Anastasio Yuriar Viera (Clemente)
Born: Abt May 1873
Christened: 19 May 1873 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Died: Nov 8, 1944

The son of Clemente Yuriar & Trinidad Viera, he was a hat maker in Culiacán. His store was called “El Sombrero Rojo”. His nickname, Tacho, likely comes from his occupation. “Tacho” refers to a bin, perhaps like one that could be used in the felt-making process.  Fun fact: Mercury was used in the felt-making process to smooth the felt.

In early January 1910, Anastacio was introduced to Francisco Madero.  Senor Madero must have made quite an impression, because  Tacho helped to form the Culiacán branch of Madero’s political party, the Partido Nacional Antireelectionistas.  While his brother Benjamin was fighting with Villa to free Mexico from the grip of Porfirio Díaz, Anastasio choose to fight Porfirio Díaz in the political arena.

Anastcio-atwork

Anastasio at work

He had 2 children with Librada Canavallis – Ricardo, and Maria Matlide. Librada and Anastasio had a falling out.  She took the kids and left, eventually immigrating to the US. Maria Matilde died during the journey to America. Ricardo’s son Jon lives in CA.

Click to enlarge

Click to enlarge

Anastasio also had several children with Joaquina Manjerrez. He married her in March of 1919. According to their marriage license, they already had 3 daughters when they got married – Maria Lousia, Maria Elisa, & Maria Rosa. After they married, they had several more children – Anastasio, Maria Carmen, Maria Aurora, and Julio.

Family folklore has always said that he served as Mayor of Culiacán for a while.  However, according to the city’s website, he was never mayor. A pamphlet about the history of Culiacán states that in December 1917 he lost an election for a council seat due to election fraud. The state congress appointed a someone else to disputed seat, however it’s possible that he won election as a councilman later in life.  We do know that he was a delegate for something to do with farmers and agriculture in 1944 when he was shot & killed by someone named Lencho.  Lencho was caught and imprisoned for his crime.

“En una de tantas asambleas hizo acto de presencia don Lencho. Como buen manejador de armas dio muerte a balazos al joven delegado de la Agraria, que en vida llevó el nombre de Anastacio Yuriar (era culichi). Cuando el malechor llegó a la asamblea la mayoría de los asistentes escucharon voz de súplica: “¡No lo hagas, Lencho!”. Sobró quien dijera que fue doña Serafina. El malechor fue castigado; su condena fue prisión.”  (quote from an article at debate.com.mx that has since been memory-holed.)

1944-11-09-FuneralProgram

Baby Mama:  Librada Canavallis

Children:

Spouse: Joaquina Manjerrez

Children:

From left to right: Rosa, Joaquina, Anastacio, Elisa, Carmen, Louisa, Anastacio

From left to right:
Rosa, Joaquina, Anastacio, Elisa, Carmen, Luisa, Anastacio

 

 

Clemente Yuriar

Clemente Yuriar Loaiza (Tomaz)
Born: Abt 1827
Died: Unknown

Clemente’s name was found on his granddaughter’s birth certificate.  Research shows he married MARIA TRINIDAD VIERA BASTIDAS on 28 Jan 1867 in San Ignacio De Loyola, San Ignacio, Sinaloa, Mexico.

1867-01-28-marriagerecord

He was the father of at least 3 sons, as records of their baptisms were found at Family Search.org.

Spouse: Maria Trinidad Viera Bastidas